Afsheen Gul: How a
kind Indian doctor saved
a Pakistani teen’s life

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By Riaz Sohail (BBC)

Pakistani teenager Afsheen Gul suffered from a rare condition that kept her neck at 90 degrees. She struggled to access the right treatment until her case was brought to a doctor in India. BBC Urdu’s Riaz Sohail reports on the teen’s journey to getting life-saving treatment in Delhi.

What is a friend?

For most children, it’s their classmates at school or neighbours they grew up with who became their friends. Sometimes, it’s their favourite stuffed toy or perhaps even a pet.

But for 13-year-old Afsheen Gul from Pakistan’s Sindh province, life had been a little different. The youngest of seven siblings, she never went to school or played with her friends.

That’s because an accident – she fell from her sister’s arm when she was just 10 months old – left her neck bent at 90 degrees. Her parents took her to the doctor who gave her some medicines and put a belt around her neck for support, but her condition only worsened.

Afsheen’s condition gained worldwide attention in 2017 after a news website article

“She could not walk, eat or talk. She used to just lie on the ground and we used to help her with everything,” Afsheen’s mother Jamilan Bibi recalls, adding that they could not afford further treatment.

Afsheen also suffers from cerebral palsy – she learned to walk when she was six, to speak when she was eight – which further pushed her behind other children her age.

For 12 years, Afsheen spent her life confined to her house in Mithi, nearly 300km (186 miles) from Karachi city, in this painful condition.

However, her life changed in March when an Indian doctor successfully operated upon her curved neck. Dr Rajagopalan Krishnan, a specialist of complex spinal surgeries at the Apollo Hospital in Delhi, offered to do Afsheen’s surgery free of charge.

Afsheen’s condition gained worldwide attention in 2017 after a news website article

Four months on, Afsheen can finally walk, talk and eat on her own. The wounds of her surgery have healed. Dr Krishnan checks on her via Skype every week.

“She is a little weak – and is still unable to go to school – but the doctor says that will get better with time,” Afsheen’s brother Yaqoob Kumbar says.

“We are so happy – the doctor saved my sister’s life. For us he is an angel,” Mr Kumbar says.

Afsheen suffers from atlanto-axial rotatory dislocation, a rotation of the spine which causes neck impairment. “This is probably the first case of its kind in the world,” Dr Krishnan said.

Afsheen arrived with her brother in Delhi last November

Her condition gained worldwide attention in 2017, when an article on a news website spotlighted her story.

Prominent Pakistani actor Ahsan Khan shared a photo of Afsheen on Facebook, urging people to help, while Afsheen’s mother was invited to a popular morning show hosted by Sanam Baloch. An online fundraiser was also created by an organiser in the US to help her family afford surgery.

In November 2017, Naz Baloch, an MP from the ruling Pakistan People’s Party (PPP), tweeted that the Sindh government would provide complete treatment to Afsheen.

She was hospitalised in Agha Khan University Hospital – Pakistan’s biggest private hospital – in Karachi in February 2018, where specialists said they would operate on her, but gave her a “50% chance of survival”, Mr Kumbar says.

Dr Krishnan checks on Afsheen every week via Skype

Afsheen’s parents asked the doctors for time to think over it and took her home. “But we got busy with my sister’s wedding and her treatment could not be completed,” her brother says.

Mr Kumbar adds that after the wedding, the family contacted government officials to resume Afsheen’s treatment but were allegedly disappointed when they did not receive a positive response.

Ms Baloch, however, says she tried her best to arrange Afsheen’s treatment, including getting in touch with NGOs abroad, and only withdrew when international NGOs stepped in to help the family.

Afsheen was back in the news in 2019 when a British journalist, Alexandria Thomas, reported on her condition and her family’s financial position.

Ms Thomas also put the family in touch with Dr Krishnan in Delhi, who spoke to Mr Kumbar and told him that he was willing to help Afsheen.

Afsheen was successfully treated by Dr Rajagopalan Krishnan (left) in Delhi

The family applied for visa on medical grounds and arrived in India in November last year. An independent childcare organisation, Darul Sukoon, helped them with the process.

It was an extremely difficult time for Afsheen and her family, Mr Kumbar recalls: “Dr Krishnan told us that her heart or lungs may stop beating during the operation.”

There were also financial troubles – Afsheen’s family did not have the money to pay for her treatment. So they relied on the online fundraiser to meet the expenses.

But Dr Krishnan gave the family hope. Mr Kumbar says he had been in contact with several doctors during this period, but no one as “sensitive and kind ” as him.

“Due to his efforts and supervision the operation was successful,” he adds.

Afsheen underwent two major surgeries before the main neck surgery, which was followed by another major operation.

The main surgery took place in February. Dr Krishan told the BBC that he and his team attached Afsheen’s skull to her spinal cord during a six-hour operation. The skull was then attached to the cervical spine using a stick and screws to keep the neck straight.

After the surgery was successful, Dr Krishnan told reporters that Afsheen would not have lived for long without treatment.

But she is now “smiling and talking”, Mr Kumbar said in July when he posted a picture of his smiling sister on Facebook a day before Eid.

There are some complications though – she’s still slower than other children, many of whom often judge her for that, her brother says.

“But that will get better with time. For now, I am just happy my sister is alive and happy.”