Pakistan says increase in SC’s permanent members to worsen its inherent dysfunctionalities


NEW YORK: Pakistan’s representative to UN Dr Maleeha Lodhi says increase in Security Council’s permanent members will worsen its inherent dysfunctionalities. Speaking in a debate on Security Council reform at the United Nations, she said the addition of permanent members will undermine the democratic and representative nature of the reform process.

Dr Maleeha Lodhi

Dr Maleeha Lodhi said Pakistan fully supports reform process and calls for increasing strength of non-permanent members.
“It undermines the democratic and representative nature of the reform process; it denies the larger membership their democratic right to hold Council members to account.” Indeed, she pointed out, in an environment where the elected members are already on the sidelines on some of the most important issues being addressed by the Council, doubling permanent members would further diminish the role and standing of elected members”.
Full-scale negotiations to restructure the Security Council began in the General Assembly in February 2009 on five key areas “categories of membership, the question of veto, regional representation, size of an enlarged Council, and working methods of the body and its relationship with the 193-member Assembly”.
Despite a general agreement on enlarging the Council, as part of the UN reform process, member states remain sharply divided over the details.
Known as the “Group of Four”, India, Brazil, Germany and Japan ” have shown no flexibility in their campaign for expanding the Security Council by 10 seats, with 6 additional permanent and four non-permanent members. On the other hand, Italy/Pakistan-led Uniting for Consensus (UfC) group say that additional permanent members will not make the Security Council more effective and also undermine the democratic principle.
Ambassador Lodhi said that consensus only exists for enlarging the Council by more elected, non permanent members while criticizing those member states seeking permanent seats. “While some predicate their claim for permanent seats on the ostensible imperative to address contemporary realities, they offer “fixed” solutions to transient situations, she commented.
She also assailed the self-serving claims by some to represent their regions, when the region in question, has neither bestowed that privilege on them, nor does it enjoy the right to hold them to account.