23rd March – Historic Pakistan Resolution Day


By Ayesha Salim

Pakistan (Islamic republic of Pakistan) is greatest Islamic Country in this world. Pakistan was founded by Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah in 14th August 1947. Pakistan has brief history like the main concept of Pakistan was kept by Allama Muhammad Iqbal in 29th December 1930, The name Pakistan was declared in 28th January 1933 by Chaudhary Rehmat Ali, Pakistan Resolution was passed in 23rd March 1940.
Pakistan was established as Islamic Republic in 23rd March 1956.In this article we will discuss the Lahore resolution which also known as the Pakistan Resolution 1940. Lahore Resolution which is famous as the Resolution of Pakistan was passed in 23rd March 1940 in the Minto Park which now-a- days is known as Iqbal Park of Lahore.
The Lahore Resolution day is also known as Republic day. It is a national holiday in Pakistan to admire the Lahore Resolution day {23 March 1940} and the adoption of the first constitution of Pakistan during the transition of the territory of Pakistan to the Islamic Republic of Pakistan on 23 March 1956 making Pakistan the world’s first Islamic republic.
The people of Pakistan celebrate 23rd March every year to remember the Lahore resolution day. The Lahore Resolution day parade by the armed forces is a common celebration for the event. The day is celebrated in the memory to commemorate the event when the Muslim League drafted the political resolution at the Minar-e-Pakistan, that called for establishing an independent federation comprising provinces with Muslim majority located in north-western and north-eastern region of British controlled territories in India on 23rd March 1940.
Main celebrations are held in Islamabad– the capital of Pakistan. “Pakistan not only means freedom and independence but the Muslim Ideology which has to be preserved, which has come to us as a precious gift and treasure and which, we hope other will share with us” – Muhammad Ali Jinnah. ‘The Lahore Resolution’ was passed by the working committee of All India Muslim League; the endorsement of the same was done by the mammoth congregation of Muslims on March 23rd, 1940 who were gathered there from all across the British India. Lahore Resolution 1940: The Father Document The Lahore Resolution [now Pakistan Resolution], actually, expressed the idea of the state of Pakistan. It is only text that was discussed and agreed by the leaders of all corners of Indian subcontinent under the leadership of Muhammad Ali Jinnah. It is the only document that can be referred as the “father document” of Pakistan.
It has the same significance in the lives of our every citizen as United States Declaration of Independence 1776 has in the lives of every American. United States Declaration of Independence gets published on July 04th every year in almost all the major dailies of the US but the Lahore Resolution has never been published on March 23rd in any of the major Pakistani newspaper. Therefore, many Pakistanis are not aware of what was actually proposed in the Lahore Resolution. Significance of Pak Resolution Pakistan Resolution, as it is called now, is a brief but a comprehensive declaration consisting of five paragraphs. The initial two paragraphs lay out the context for the next paragraphs. Paragraph three essentially proposes the creation of “independent states” in Muslim majority areas of Indian sub-continent under the British Raj, and paragraph four instructs that the constitutional “safeguards” should be enacted to protect the minorities in these “regions” as well the Muslims who are a minority “in other parts of India”. Paragraph five tasks the working committee to start working on a “scheme of constitution” for all the proposed “regions (states)”.
1. The Resolution addressed the Muslim question in the political and constitutional context of British India and pointed out to the course of action, the Muslim League intended to adopt to secure the Muslim identity, rights and interests.
2. It underlined the principles that were relevant to the modern state system and the political context of British India. It made five specific demands [Please go through the original text of the resolution available in the article].
3. The Resolution consequently offered a new course of action for the Muslims of British India as compared to the Muslim League position adopted on constitutional and political issues in the past. It gave rise to the change in strategy but not in goal, which remained the same.
4. The All India Muslim League’s goal since its inception in December 1906 was to protect and advance Muslim socio-cultural identity, rights and interests in British India’s socio-political and constitutional context. The change of strategy was caused by the political experience of the Muslim elite in their interaction with other communities, especially the Indian National Congress, and the policies of the British government. These strategies also manifested the growing desire of the Muslims to assert their separate socio-political identity. The Muslim League demands became more specific and assertive in the post-1940 period. By 1942, the focus of the Muslim League shifted to a singular phrase of the state. In September 1944, Quaid-e-Azam was very categorical in asserting that he was talking of one state of Pakistan.
This issue was finally clarified by the convention of parliamentarians from majority regions in the United India held in Delhi, in April 1946. The evolutionary process of the creation of Pakistan began before March 1940 and ended with the attainment of independence in Pakistan in 1947. Today, Pakistan is not a dream it has carved into a reality! Once a strategy, it then became the only destiny for over 200million people. On this day, let’s find out what actually was proposed in the Pakistan Resolution, let’s revisit the document in today’s circumstances and rethink; have we done enough to achieve what was envisioned by our founding fathers for people living in Pakistan?